Mini Forensic Science Project – Henry C. Lee

Henry C. Lee

Henry C. Lee is famous for his fantastic work in the field of forensic science. He is well known for both crime scene investigation and reconstruction, helping and solving approximately 6000 cases the last 40 years. He has earned multiple degrees in forensic science and held high positions in the field and is a respected member of multiple professional bodies.


He has received around 900 awards for his outstanding work. Two of the awards he has received were the 1996 medal of Justice from the United States Justice Foundation and the 1998 Lifetime Achievement from the Science and Engineer Association.


Henry C. Lee has an institute named after him in New Haven [North America]. It is called the ‘The Henry C. Lee Institute of Forensic Science’. He comes to visit the institute regularly and has written over 30 books. Dr Lee also has a TV show called ‘Trace Evidence: The case files of Dr Henry Lee’. This show is about the cases Henry Lee has worked on over his life.


He has been an expert forensic witness in over 1000 criminal court cases. This is an important achievement because to be considered an expert by the court you need both academic qualifications, and to have done extensive research which has been validated by others. Throughout his life he has also designed training courses, for the Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI] for an example.


Some areas in which Dr Lee and his team of forensic scientists have contributed to the area of crime is finding new ways to extract DNA, working with fingerprint evidence, and  estimation of how much blood was at a crime scene. He has extensive knowledge in DNA, Fingerprints, Trace evidence, Blood Splatter and Crime scene investigation and Reconstruction.


Some of the well-known cases he has worked on are ‘The Staircase Murder’, the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the O.J. Simpson case, the Jon Benet Ramsey murder and the abduction of Elizabeth Smart just to name a few. Lots of cases he has worked on are well known and fairly gruesome.  An example is O.J Simpson, a famous American footballer, was accused of murdering his ex-wife was murdered and her new boyfriend. Dr. Lee was an expert witness for defence in blood splatter evidence and testified that according to the evidence, O.J Simpson was not the murderer. Another case was Elizabeth Smart, she was kidnapped in the middle of the night from her bed. Her sister Mary Katharine was beside her and was shocked to learn her sister had been taken from the room. She then notified her parents and later Elizabeth was found alive approximately 9 months later. Dr. Lee reviewed the evidence on this case to help police find out who kidnapped Elizabeth Smart.


Henry C. Lee is an extremely smart and intelligent man and has helped solve some of the world’s most difficult cases. He has been an important contributor to forensic science research and development, and even though he is now in his 70’s he continues to help teach and also work on investigations.




Links to websites I used:

If you would like to hear me read my speech just click on the link below!

Henry C Lee Mini Forensic Science Project Audacity

Term 3 Project Reflection – Women’s Suffragette Movement

Project Summary

Every term we have a topic for our intergraded studies. This term our topic was ‘Exploration’. As our project we could work with anyone we wanted and we had to do it about a field in exploration. My group [Grace, Eve and I] did it about The Women’s Suffrage Movement which is about the exploration of Human Rights. It was also our choice about how we wanted to present it. We did a play with scripts, props and a power point background.

Three things I found interesting and surprising…….

  1. In 1891 a women named Vida Goldstein collected around 30 000 signatures on a petition [a petition is a long list of signatures regarding something that they want changed.] In their case they wanted women to have the right to vote and the right to be elected into Parliament.


  1. Not just Australian women went and fought for their rights, many other women from different countries also fought for their rights. Fights were not easy as some ended in death. Say the U.K, they did not eat food, they set fire to buildings, Emily Davison through herself under a horse.


  1. Some of the things that women did to get the right to vote was to do debates, send out pamphlets, smash windows, knock mailboxes, chain themselves to fences, read speeches to people, make petitions and more.

Two Understandings I now have…..


  1. Some of the leaders of the Women’s Suffragette Movement were Edith Cowan who was from Western Australia, Vida Goldstein was from Victoria and Mary Lee was from South Australia. Off course there were more leaders but they were some of the big ones. Women like them and themselves helped change Australian Women’s life forever.
  2. If the women’s suffragette movement did not happen our lives now would be very different. Parliament would not be the same and as Julia Gillard was our previous Prime Minister she would have never had been because she would not be allowed to. Women would not have the right to say what they think and say their opinions. Women and men in Australia would not have an equal life.


One Wondering I still have……

  1. One wondering I still have is in how many other countries do women not have the right to vote and how many have not tried to fight for their rights and have not had a time like the Women’s Suffragette Movement.


What were the most important things I learnt?

The most important thing I learnt was that if you push yourself and your group and spend more time and effort it will make the project better and before you present you will feel confident because you have practised and rehearsed.


How did I learn that?

Well when we came up to present I was not as nervous as I am usually because I knew we had practised lots of times and we were really good and we knew our script of by heart. At the end our teacher[Lee] said that he was very impressed.


What am I going to do with what I have learnt?

Well in the future when I do projects I am going to practise a lot so when it is time for me to present that project I will be confident with it.


Overall I had a great time working with my group putting it together. We spent a lot of our own time and when we did have time in class to do it we just put our heads down and got straight into it. We were very organized and were finished on time and  where the first ones to present. We wanted to go after recess so we would set up and have everything ready but we had to go first so we worked together and got it together. Maybe next time we should not get stressed when we are going first and go all frantic and crazy. I was happy and proud about how everything went.

What Do We Know About Australia Before The British Came!

What do we know about Australia before the British came?

Before the British came Australia was not an empty land. Indigenous people lived all over the country. The Aboriginals used to live in tribes or groups. Nature was there main resource. Aboriginal means ‘the first’ or ‘the earliest’.  When the British came they were not the first people to discover or come to Australia. People from Dutch, French, Macassan, Arab and Portuguese had come over centuries. Food and other goods were traded but while the British were there it was not always peaceful. Occasionally they had some fights.

Before Captain Cook came in 1770 people had come to Australia for 100’s of years. People think that the Chinese also came before the British. Also they think that the Portuguese knew where Australia was because over time people found some maps from the 16 century that looks a bit like Australia and has around the same land mass as Australia that the Portuguese drew [Well probably the Portuguese sailors did].

In 1504 a French navigator Binot Paulmier de Gonneville sailed. For a while people thought that he had discovered Australia when he had actually landed in Brazil.




Human Body Presenation Summary

This term our topic was all about the body. Every one had to do a group project about a system. My group and I did it on the Nervous System. We researched then made a presentation to the class. I think that we went really well. While each group was presenting every one else had to take notes. They were going very fast so I found it easier to just write key works. After the presentation we could ask questions if we needed to then with our key notes we had to write a summary or a information text about it. Here are mine:

The Circulatory System

The Circulatory System consists of the Heart, Blood, Veins, Capillaries and Arteries. There are 2 smaller systems among The Circulatory System. Blood is made out of plasma, white blood cells, platelets and red blood cells. If you get a bruise, the colour of the blood beneath changes colour over time. The Circulatory System is related to The Respiratory System. They are much alike. There are approximately 5 million red blood cells in a small drop of blood. Your heart beats 100 000 times a day [around about].

The Muscular System

In The Muscular System triceps and biceps work together. They help bend and straighten your bones. Your Pectorial and your Gluteal are 2 muscles. Muscle cells and filaments provide protein for your body. If you have the correct posture when sitting it will help your muscular system. If you have a torn muscle some ways to treat it are to rest the muscle, put some ice on it and compress the area. In the future scientists might make artificial nerve cells. They will be better then the ones we have. The strongest muscle in your heart is the heart. There are muscle under strands of hair. If you pull out a strand of hair the muscle will die then regrow.

 The Immune System

The Immune System was discovered over many years. ‘Immune’ means to be protected. The Immune System fights bad colds, bad virus and keeps our body healthy. Your tonsils are the things that fight throat infections. If we did not have the Immune System if you got a common cold you would get very ill and die. Some people have to live in bubbles if they don’t have there Immune System. If you get bacteria from someone else it will not multiplie and  the white blood cells will eat it up. Some ways to keep your Immune System healthy are low fat diets, exercise, vitamin A, low stress and good rest. You can get some cancer if you don’t take care of your Immune System.

The Lymphatic System

Thomas Bartholin discovered the Lymphatic System in 1652 and died in 1680. The Lymphatic System sends Lymph around the body through vessels. Lymph is like white blood cells. To help your Lymphatic System you should move around a lot, do Yoga or Meditation and eat healthy food. If you did not have your Lymphatic System you would get large swelling and if you got a mild cold, you would probably die. A disease of the Lymphatic System is Lymphoma and doctors are trying to find a 100% cure to Lymphoma.

The Respiratory System

Mr Hooke was the main person who discovered the Respiratory System and it was discovered over many years. Some of the diseases of the Respiratory System are asthma, breathlessness and wheezy. Some ways to help are if you have asthma don’t run around to much other wise it may be hard to breath. If you have lung cancer don’t smoke. In the future scientists may be able to grow body parts as well as parts in the Respiratory System. The Respiratory is all about breathing and your lungs. mouth, nose, trachea and diaphragm.

  The Digestive System

The Digestive System breaks down food and makes it into energy. Some diseases are appendicitis and diabetes type 1. William Beaumont discovered acid in the stomach . He got a piece of string with some chicken on it and placed it down a person. Lots of people discovered it over time as well. The Digestive System helps you eat and drink. Soliver breaks down chemicals. It also sends messages to the stomach to say that food is coming or that your thinking about food then you tummy will probably grumble. One part of the Digestive System is the Oesophagus which moves food down through a tube sort of thing. Another one is the Small Intestine which is 6.7m long and breaks down food into energy. To help your Digestive System eat healthy food. Without your Digestive System you would have no nutrience and you would not be healthy at all. Scientists are trying to make a drug that makes the Digestive System go 2 hours faster.

The Skeletal System

In the body we have 206 bones and a baby has 305. A baby has more because as it grows its bone start to connect to make bigger bones so there are less. Most of the bone names came from the languages Latin and Greek. The Skeletal System was discovered over time. Bones are tough but they can break and get diseases. If we did not have the skeletal System and we did not have any bones we would be a puddle on the floor. In the future scientists might make bionic bones. If you have vitamin D and calcium it will help your bones. Your smallest bone is your Stirrup.

The Urinary System

600 years ago Andreas Vesalia discovered the Urinary System. The Urinary System filters waste and makes Urine. You can have 1 kidney and we alive. Smokers have a big chance of have a Kidney Transplant. If you have a kidney failure you need to have you kidneys replaced. The parts of the Urinary System are the kidneys, ureter , bladder, sphincter and the urethra.

Term 2 Project Reflection – Nervous System

Three facts I found interesting and surprising:

1. That the right side of the brain is better at music and the arts whilst the left side of your brain is better at writing, reading and speaking.

2. Back in the day people used to drill a hole in someone’s head if they had a head ache. Scientists did not know that that might have not been a good idea.

3. A nerve cell can travel through the central nervous system 2.5 times faster then the maximum speed of a Ferrari.

Two understandings I now have:

1. In your cue cards only give prompts because you should have all the knowledge in your head already.

2. Have all your information organized. It helps to have all your information in   categories. It makes every thing neater and easier to understand.


One wondering I still have is:

What did scientists used to think the nervous system was like? Did they used to have a different understanding?

What were the most important things I learnt?

Taking notes. I learnt that during a presentation you cant get everything so only get the key words or the key information. As they might be going fast don’t copy down whole sentences just key words that will help you at the end create a full paragraph. We also had some time at the end to ask questions to the group. I did not get some things and some things I don’t think I copied down right so in that time I asked questions to clarify what I wrote down.

How did I learn it?

Well Lee taught us in term 1 but we did it during presentations which made it harder and I learnt more from it. I learnt that during the presentations that you have to be fast  and only write key words that are quick to  write down because other wise you might not catch the information there telling you because your to busy writing.

What am I going to do with what I have learnt?

Well you do key note taking all the time. In high school and in university you do it all the time. You don’t just do it in high school and university you do it all the time.


Circulatory System

In class we had to read a piece about a system and I did the circulatory system. Once we had finished and did all the reciprocal reading steps we had to write a paragraph or 2 about what we read and we had to write it with the key words we wrote. Here is mine [and all my steps]

Predict: I predict that this passage will be about how the circulatory system works and what it looks like. Also about the heart and the blood.

Clarify: Here are some of the words I had to clarify and there meanings:

Oxygenated: Puts oxygen into something.

Arteries: Big pipes that helps blood go through your body.

Aorta: A tube that brings the blood into your heart.

Valves: An opening from the heart that lets the blood out.


Why does blood look like what it looks likes?

If you did not have the Circulatory system what would happen?


You heart is a muscle in your chest. It is about the size of your fist or the size of a pear. Your heart pumps around your body. Blood is red and watery.

It pumps at a speed of 1.6 KM per hour and takes 20 second to a minute to circulate around your body. The heart is made up of 4 sections called chambers. Blood carries food, oxygen, vitamins, minerals to repair your body. It is important to have your heart as it plays an important part in your body.

Script For Father John Brosnan Project

Who is he

Father John Brosnan was a priest at Pentridge Prison who praised prisoners and talked to them.He was from a Catholic Church and that is how he got the name Father.He worked at Pentridge for 30 years.Most people remember him as a priest to Ronald Ryan who was the last person hanged in 1967.



He was extremely generous because he helped children whose parents would be in jail and he gave them a school to go to and he would pay their fees.He influenced prisoners to think about things such as God.Some prisoners did not believe in god and then they did and there were probably more scenarios like that.He was part of the debate to stop people getting hanged as a punishment.Hard prisoners such as Billy Longley who spent 13 years in Pentridge prison said he was a very much loved figure in the jail.The prisoners said when he saw you he did not smile he beamed even though they were hard prisoners.


Ronald ryan

Most people know him as a murderer and some one who escaped out of Pentridge Prison and the last he was the last person to be hanged.His last words were to Father John Brosnan were  Goodbye and thank you very much.Never forget,no matter how long you live,you were ordained for me.

The Brosnan Youth Services

The Brosnan Youth Service was created by the Jesuit Social services in 1997.The Jesuit Social Services is a program to help people in need.They made it for prisoners after they had got out of jail to look after them.This was named after Father John Brosnan.


After He Died

Every one was extremely sad and he did so much to help every one.He would have been scared to come near a prisoner who could have done dreadful things.

He died in 2003 and had his funeral at St Patricks and over 2000 people came which shows he is a great role model as well as leader.Even prisoners cried.Now Father Peter Norden has taken over  his position as a priest in 1985.



Father John Brosnan was a person who saw good in so many people,a person whose remarkable gift was to convey warmth and give hope.


Prisoners said when he saw you he did not smile he beamed even though they were hard prisoners.


Then the bibliography[Do not read out websites]


Then the pictures

Team Reflection


Savant,Sozoe,Jessie and I

Our team all put in a great effort.The way we presented our power point was clever and simple.Like it was not overally crowded but it was neat.We listned to each other and gave each other great feedback.We all read out the parts that we were intrested in the most.We worked after school at libaries and at home to make our hard work stand out.We all put in the perfect amount of infomation and time.It was hard to find infomation like values and Australian identiy.Most sites only told us ‘How it works’,’What it uses and ‘Where is it’.Next time we need to be more confident when presenting.Overall my group and I thought it was a fantastic project!

Individual Reflection

Honestly I think I put in a lot of effort even though I was away but I knew I had to .Everything I researched was valuable. I didn’t know anything about it and now I do. It was hard to find information because they all said the same thing but eventually we found really helpful sites. Next time I think we should have been more confident but that’s just practice. We all collaborated and I was very impressed and I’m sure everyone else was to because we got great feedback!

By Amelia

Met Challenge Reflection

I came back tired and the soles of my feet were killing me.Honestly,I just wanted to go and sit
down.Let me share my stressful,crazy,non stop excitement of the day with you. Savant,Gemma,

Sarah and I were well prepared and we knew where we were going to start and finish. We knew
our bus,tram and train timetables and we were all comfortable about map reading.

My opinion is that we all worked extremely well as a team.We all helped at times to get back to the last place we visited when we were lost or needed a new route urgently. As a team we got lost once or twice but otherwise we had a plan to get to where we needed.

I could have improved on focusing on the questions and not get distracted by things that were not important like a shop. We needed to get to the places we needed most first by reading the question booklet before we went.Also since we were in The City of Moreland we could have asked the people at the Town Hall as an alternitive plan.Maybe we should also try things that might sound weird and hard but would have been easier like when we went to Barkley Square and we walked half of the way. We should have caught the tram. We

should not have been as stressed but it was kind of funny at times.

Overall I had a fun,stressful,exciting but hardworking day.The whole process was worth it.I enjoyed every second of it and I think everyone else did as well.There were a few things I would
have done differently next time but that is just life because everyone makes mistakes.

 By Amelia

Edited by Jude and Amelia